Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750) was central in The Bach family. Johann Sebastian was deeply rooted in the Baroque, polyphonic style, and refined these techniques to the absolute sublime through works such as 'Kunst der Fuge' and 'Das Musikalische Opfer'. Four of his sons became significant composers.
Wilhelm Friedemann Bach (1710 - 1784) was the most gifted of the four. He became known for his masterful organ imagery; In addition, he was a very skilled mathematician.
Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (1714 - 1788) became the most successful of the sons, and took over the position of music director in Hamburg after Georg Philipp Telemann. The cello concert is one of the first of its kind, and was written while he was the court chaplain master of Fredrik II of Preussen.
Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach (1732 - 1795) became most famous as the piano virtuos, but a lifelong commitment as chapel master of Count Wilhelm of Schaumburg-Lippe gave him the opportunity for extensive composition studies.
Johann Christian Bach (1735 - 1782) studied composition in Italy and learned about opera. The Amadis des Gaules Suite is built on an opera performed in Paris in 1779.