Prokofiev had collected ideas for a decade before finally composing his third piano concert in 1921. Like the piano concerts of other virtuoso composers, this concert shows much of the composer's own pianistic techniques and flair, and he himself was a soloist in 1921. The work’s character is all the thrill of the fiery and extroverted to the poetic and introverted.
The Roman fonts are the voice itself of the city, Respighi stated, and in these four parts he wanted to express the fountain's beauty and how harmonious they fit into the landscape. The Roman pines are hundreds of years old trees dominating the Roman landscape, which have witnessed the most important events in Roman history. Through four stages, Respighi portrays the beautified pine trees, at different places in the city at different times of the day.